"New Spanish Two Step" is a Western swing standard based on a traditional fiddle tune, "Spanish Two Step,"[1] which was one of Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys signature songs. Wills and his vocalist, Tommy Duncan, added lyrics to reflect the title:

I told her I had to go,
Left her down in Mexico,
The band played 'Spanish Two-Step' soft and low.

"New Spanish Two Step" became one of the Playboys' greatest hits. It was first recorded by Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys (Columbia 36966) in 1946, staying on the charts for 23 weeks and reaching #1.[2] The "b" side, "Roly Poly", was also a big hit, reaching #3.