"Pistol Packin' Mama" is a 1943 song composed by Al Dexter.[1] The song is notable in that it was the first number one on the Juke Box Folk Records chart, which was later known as the Hot Country Songs chart. The version performed by Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters was the first number on the Juke Box Folk records charts followed by the original version (recorded March 18, 1942) performed by Al Dexter[2] released on Okeh 6708.[1] The B-side of the Al Dexter version of "Pistol Packin' Mama, a song entitled "Rosalita", would hit number one on the same chart later in the year.

Louis Jordan was performing a "hillbilly rendition" of the song, which drew laughs, during a November 1943 appearance in a show at the Orpheum Theater in Los Angeles.[3]

The chorus of the song was used for the 1970s UK television advertising campaign for Rowntree's Fruit Pastilles, with the punning tag line "Pastille Pickin' Mama, pass those pastilles round".